Books Science & Nature

Isotopic and Geochemical techniques to study Groundwater Pollution: Isotopic and Geochemical Characteristics of Groundwater in Islamabad, Pakistan

5 stars - 2049 reviews / Write a review

Pages: 112

Language: English

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller (3 Jan. 2011)

By: Sajjad Munir (Author)

Groundwater (deep and shallow) in Islamabad particularly in vicinity of Lei Nala were characterized by environmental stable (?13C) and Radioactive (tritium) isotopes as well as hydrogeochemical parameters such as physiochemical (pH, EC, TDS, DO and temperature), major cation (Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+1, K+1), anion (NO3-1, SO4-2, CO3-2, HCO3-1, Cl-1) and toxic metals (Zn, Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe, As, Cr and Co). Piper diagram reveals that Ca-Mg- type of water is dominant in the studied area. The percentage of samples falling under Ca-Mg-type was 53.86 %. For anion concentration, HCO3-type of water predominated with 96.15 % samples. Stable isotope techniques in combination of conventional classical techniques have been applied for this investigation Stable carbon isotope techniques have helped to understand the level and source of contamination in groundwater. The more depleted ?13C (TDIC) values around ?8 to ?11 ? PDB are mainly indicative of inventory of domestic sewage pollution. As such, this study indicates the potential of ?13C (TDIC) technique in relation to physiochemical techniques for assessment of the sources of pollution.


Read online or download a free book: Isotopic and Geochemical techniques to study Groundwater Pollution: Isotopic and Geochemical Characteristics of Groundwater in Islamabad, Pakistan.pdf

Read online book - Isotopic and Geochemical techniques to study Groundwater Pollution: Isotopic and Geochemical Characteristics of Groundwater in Islamabad, PakistanDownload book - Isotopic and Geochemical techniques to study Groundwater Pollution: Isotopic and Geochemical Characteristics of Groundwater in Islamabad, Pakistan.pdf


Name:
The message text:

Other books